The Colorado Rapids are an American professional soccer club based in the Denver metropolitan area. The Rapids compete in Major League Soccer (MLS) as a member of the Western Conference.
Colorado Rapids Youth Development System
The Colorado Rapids Youth Development System provides a complete structure that serves every type of player.
From fostering grassroots interest in the game through camps and developmental soccer to providing the highest level of training for the aspiring professional, the Rapids Soccer Academy is dedicated to growing the game and the individuals who participate in it.
For questions about the Development Academy Teams please contact us at [email protected]. to be part of our academy data base please complete our 2018-19 Tryout Interest Form.
Recreational and Competitive teams and camps for boys and girls ages 4-18 are managed by Colorado Rapids Youth Soccer Club (CRYSC). Questions about these programs can be answered by CRYSC directly at [email protected].
Colorado Rapids Alliance: adidas
On June 9, 2009, the Colorado Rapids launched the Rapids adidas Alliance to create a working relationship between existing youth soccer clubs that will benefit soccer development through shared resources.
Each Alliance Club uses a form of the methods and curriculum that are used in the Rapids Academy. In addition, Rapids staff spend multiple weeks annually on the ground in partner markets in order to assist with the education of players, coaces and parents. Rapids adidas Alliance clubs will also have exclusive access to on-field and in-stadium events events with the Colorado Rapids.
To learn more about the Colorado Rapids Alliance program, please click here.
Colorado Rapids Youth Soccer Club
Colorado Rapids Youth Soccer Club (CRYSC) is a 501(c)3 nonprofit organization. Rapids Youth Soccer is Colorado’s premier youth soccer experience and the only club in Colorado to offer opportunities from three-years-old to professional, from beginner to Major League Soccer.
CRYSC offers youth soccer programs of all levels to thousands of children year-round in and around the Front Range. With satellite leagues across Colorado, we are confident we can provide your child a fun and enriching place to play soccer.
|Rapids Fort Collins||Fort Collins, CO 80525||Locations: Fort Collins | Windsor | Greeley | Timnath | Serverance | Wellington | Laporte | Johnstown | Berthoud | Cheyenne | Laramie|
|Rapids North||Westminister, CO 80234||Locations: Arvada | Boulder | Brighton | Broomfield | Denver | Longmont | Louisville | Northglenn | Thornton | Westminister|
|Rapids Central||Aurora, CO 80010||Locations: Denver | Aurora | Commerce City | Glendale | Green Valley | Lakewood | Northfield | Stapleton | Wheat Ridge|
|Rapids South||Aurora, CO 80010||Locations: Centennial | Aurora | Cherry Hills | Denver | Englewood | Golden | Greenwood Village | Highlands Ranch | Lakewood | Littleton | Lone Tree | Parker|
|Rapids Castle Rock||Castle Rock, CO 80109||Locations: Castle Rock | Castle Pines | Highland Ranch | Larkspur | Lone Tree | Monument | Parker| Colorado Springs | Elizabeth | Franktown|
To find soccer camps at the youth soccer club, please click here.
To find soccer tournaments at the youth soccer club, please click here.
Colorado Rapids Development Academy
In August of 2007 the Rapids Soccer Academy was accepted as a charter member of US Soccer’s Development Academy, a nationwide youth development initiative, organized by the U.S. Soccer Federation, created to enhance the development of the country’s top players through high technical standards and a focus on meaningful competition.
Formed in accordance with Major League Soccer’s 2006 Homegrown Player Initiative, our goal is to create a program for each player that will allow him to reach his full potential, whatever that may be. For the majority of our players, college soccer will be the pinnacle of their careers, but a select few will have the ability to play beyond that level.
Major League Soccer allows clubs to create a clear path from amateur soccer to the professional league while retaining the rights to the players that they help develop. The Academy’s top players in each age group will be identified as Homegrown Players after spending 12 months in the program. A Homegrown Player who is talented enough to play in MLS will now have the ability to sign a Generation Adidas contract for his hometown club and not be placed in the MLS SuperDraft.
In February 2013 the Rapids announced that the Development Academy teams would be fully funded by the club. The Rapids’ program includes Development Academy teams at the U-12, U-13, U-14, U-15, U-17 and U-19 levels, with all administrative, coaching, facilities, equipment, travel and other costs covered by the club.
Colorado Rapids Academy Tryouts
2020-21 Evaluation Opportunities
- U13 and U14 — We will evaluate players born in 2006 or later at the Colorado Rapids Academy ID Sessions. Due to the current suspension of all Academy activities due to COVID -19 virus, we are not setting specific dates for the ID sessions at this time. We will be reaching out with information once specific times & dates are confirmed. We will also invite prospective players to Academy training sessions as appropriate. Current U12 (2008), U13 (2007) and U14 (2006) players in other Development Academy programs (Real Colorado, Pride SC, FC Boulder, Colorado Rush) are not eligible to participate in evaluation sessions until May 1.
- U15, U17 and U19 — We will invite prospective players to June training sessions as appropriate. Current U15 (2005), U17 and U19 players in other Development Academy programs (Real Colorado) are not eligible to participate in the June training sessions and may not have on field evaluations until after July 1. The final evaluation opportunity for this age group will be at the Colorado Rapids Academy ID sessions. Due to the current suspension of all Academy activities due to COVID -19 virus, we are not setting specific dates for the ID sessions at this time. We will be reaching out with information once specific times & dates are confirmed.
Players from outside the Colorado Rapids Homegrown Territory (States of Colorado and New Mexico) are subject to MLS homegrown territory restrictions.
Also, please note that players ages 10 to 18 must abide by FIFA international transfer regulations so we are not accepting international tryout applications.
To learn more about trying out for the Colorado Rapids academy, please click here.
What costs are associated with the program?
Players do not pay to participate in the Colorado Rapids Development Academy. All coaching, facilities, registration, travel, meals and most equipment is provided for the players who participate in the Rapids Development Academy. Players must provide their own transportation to practice. Players are expected to purchase a season ticket at a discounted rate (TBD)
How many players are selected to the program?
A pool of approximately 118 players that will be assigned to the U12, U13,
U14, U15, U17 and U19 Development Academy teams as full-time players. There is no minimum or maximum number of players that will be selected in each birth year.
For a complete list of FAQs, please click here.
Colorado Rapids USL
To learn more about the Colorado Rapids USL affiliate team, please click here.
The Colorado Rapids are an American professional soccer club based in the Denver suburb of Commerce City, Colorado. The Rapids compete in Major League Soccer (MLS) as a member of the Western Conference. The franchise began play in 1996 as one of the charter clubs in MLS.
Colorado won the MLS Cup in 2010, their second MLS Cup appearance. The first appearance was in 1997, losing to D.C. United. They were also runners up of the U.S. Open Cup in the 1999 tournament, where they lost to the Rochester Raging Rhinos, the last time a non-MLS team has won the Cup. The Rapids play their home games at Dick’s Sporting Goods Park in Commerce City, moving to the stadium after it opened during the 2007 season.
Colorado Rapids Recruitment Trials
At the time of this writing, there is no official publishing’s on Colorado Rapids trials. Please come back at a later date while we monitor this club or click here to visit their official news section.
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Colorado Rapids History
The Anschutz Corporation founded Major League Soccer’s Colorado Rapids, one of the original ten franchises. Colorado’s first season, in 1996, will be remembered for its lackluster performance. As a result, even though the team had a number of veteran players and a head coach who had been in the league for a decade, the squad finished last in the Western Conference and had the worst record in the league. When Balboa scored his first goal for the club and the first ever at Mile High Stadium, he made history (in 1996).
Glenn Myernick was the new head coach, while Dan Counce was the new general manager for the following season. Paul Bravo, Wolde Harris, Ross Paule, and goalkeeper Marcus Hahnemann were all acquired by Myernick and Counce during their tenures as head coach and assistant coach, respectively. It was a rough start for the team, but they fought to secure a postseason position. The Rapids won two games in a row and proceeded to the MLS Cup final in 1997. 87th-minute goal from Chris Henderson ensured Colorado’s position in the MLS Cup final for the Western Conference finals. Despite a goal from Adrián Paz, they were beaten 2–1 in the Cup final by D.C. United.
Myernick brought in new players including Anders Limpar and Marcus Hahnemann, and Colorado made it to the 1999 U.S. Open Cup final before losing to the Rochester Raging Rhinos 2–0. Colorado’s fortunes continued to fluctuate, with highs and lows. Two of the most noteworthy Rapids moments occurred during the 2000 season. In the first place, there was the legendary Marcelo Balboa bicycle kick, which won Goal of the Year. Against the Los Angeles Galaxy in the season finale, they secured a playoff berth with a 97th-minute goal from Paul Bravo. In 2001, Tim Hankinson was named head coach of the Colorado Buffaloes. John Spencer, a Scottish striker, also joined the team in the same year. With players like Mark Chung, Chris Henderson, Carlos Valderrama and Joe Cannon joining the team, Hankinson was able to put together a playoff-caliber team, but Hankinson also added Zizi Roberts and Darryl Powell, two pricey but ultimately ineffective signings.
The team also dealt away club veteran Marcelo Balboa, who was nearing the end of his career…he played just one game with New York before he retired. Pablo Mastroeni and Kyle Beckerman from the defunct Miami Fusion FC helped the Rapids kick off their new season at Invesco Field at Mile High with two powerhouses who would become future stars for the team. Chris Henderson became the first player to score in the new stadium’s history. For Mark Chung and the U.S. Men’s National Team, Mastroeni shined in the World Cup that year.
While the Rapids didn’t win the MLS Cup, they still swept the postseason accolades for their performance in the MLS Cup Playoffs. Executive of the Year for the Major League Soccer was General Manager Dan Counce, and four other Rapids front office employees were also honored that year. MLS Player of the Year Mark Chung was also awarded the MLS Fair Play Award. After the Rapids finished first in MLS average home attendance for the first time ever with an average home crowd of over 20,000 fans per game, the team’s ticket sales department was awarded the best in the league.
With the rebranding in 2003, the team’s new identity and color scheme of black and blue were introduced. Mark Chung and John Spencer, both forwards, had outstanding seasons. It was a milestone-setting season for Spencer, the Rapids’ team captain, who scored six goals in a row and tied his personal record of 14 goals for the season.
He was chosen to the MLS Pepsi Best XI and was a finalist for the Honda MVP award. He finished the season in third place in the MLS with 33 points. Chung, who tied his previous career best of 11 goals and finished second on the team with 28 points, was also named to the Best XI. Two Rapids players were named to the MLS Best XI for a second consecutive season for the first time in the history of the league. Over the course of the season, the Rapids allowed just eight goals in 15 games at Invesco Field, with the team never surrendering more than one goal in any one match. KC went on an 11-game home undefeated streak after breaking the Rapids’ MLS-record 16-game home undefeated streak on June 9. Joe Cannon and the smothering defense of Colorado kept the team undefeated when they scored more than one goal during the season.
The club was purchased by Kroenke Sports Enterprises at the end of 2004 and a number of alterations were made in time for the 2005 season. Fernando Clavijo was hired as KSE’s new head coach after longtime executive GM Dan Counce was replaced by Charlie Wright. Additionally, Jeff Cunningham, Terry Cooke and David “Dedi” Ben Dayan joined the team thanks to the efforts of Clavijo and Wright. The 2005 season showed a gradual rise in the team’s performance. An exciting playoff win over FC Dallas on penalties highlighted the season’s success, as the team went on to take home the inaugural Rocky Mountain Cup.
The 2006 season in Colorado seems to follow a similar pattern to recent years. It was only at the last minute that Clavijo’s team was able to secure a playoff position. Despite overcoming FC Dallas on penalties for the second time in as many years, the Lightning were eliminated from the Western Conference Final by a two-goal deficit. The Rocky Mountain Cup and the MLS Reserve Division were also secured during the final season of the black and blue uniforms.
In January 2006, the club’s new Managing Director, Jeff Plush, assumed control of the club’s business operations. It was decided to alter the club’s colors to burgundy and blue in order to “meet” other Kroenke Sports Enterprise-owned clubs. Dick’s Sporting Goods Park, a state-of-the-art soccer stadium and field complex, and a partnership with Arsenal in the English Premier League and Pachuca in Mexico were all part and parcel of this.
A number of foreign exhibitions and competitions were held at Dick’s Sporting Goods Park, including the 2007 MLS All-Star Game; the Rapids’ record on the field was 9–13–8. At the start of the season, the squad defeated D.C. United 2–1. Herculez Gomez scored the first goal in the Rapids’ brand-new stadium when he pounced on a loose ball. During a losing streak, the team’s standings plummeted. As a result, the Broncos missed out on a postseason spot. A 5–0 defeat to the Seattle Sounders in the Lamar Hunt U.S. Open Cup and a loss to Real Salt Lake in the Rocky Mountain Cup were two of the worst moments of the season. A second straight MLS Reserve League championship was earned by the team.
Rapids general manager Charlie Wright strengthened the midfield and defense before the 2008 season. Christian Gómez and Jose Burciaga Jr. were two of the most notable additions. On Opening Day of the 2008 season, a revived Rapids side thrashed David Beckham and the LA Galaxy by a 4–0 score to kickstart the season. In the middle of the season, the Rapids went 13 games without winning or losing consecutively, forcing Clavijo to retire as head coach for personal reasons. With 11 games left in the season, Arsenal F.C. assistant coach Gary Smith took over as temporary head coach. The Rapids made a strong push for the playoffs under Smith’s leadership, winning two crucial away matches, but they fell short against Real Salt Lake in the season finale.
A 90th-minute draw with Salt Lake City eliminated the Rapids from the playoffs. Smith was hired as the team’s new head coach based on the team’s recent progress. In 2009, head coach Gary Smith was in charge for the first time. After Fernando Clavijo quit, Smith stepped in as interim manager and took over the reins. Steve Guppy, a former England international and current player assistant coach for the USL-1 Rochester Rhinos, was Smith’s first choice for an assistant coaching position. Rapids veteran midfielder Pablo Mastroeni signed a four-year contract with the team soon after, after he had considered offers from Europe.
Midfielders Colin Clark and Nick LaBrocca, as well as defenders Jordan Harvey and Kosuke Kimura, have inked new four-year contracts with the Rapids. Colorado Rapids signed Matt Pickens, a former QPR and Chicago Fire goalkeeper, to replace Senegalese Bouna Coundoul in the Colorado Rapids’ goalkeeping lineup. Ivan Guerrero was acquired from D.C. United in exchange for midfielder Christian Gomez and back-up goalkeeper Mike Graczyk, making him another key addition to the roster. Rapids were slammed by the media for failing to make more personnel adjustments for the upcoming season. The team’s nucleus, on the other hand, was unaffected.
Danny Earls, Jeff Larentowicz, Claudio Lopez, Quincy Amarikwa, Ian Joyce, and Wells Thompson joined the team for the 2010 season. Star forward Conor Casey signed a new deal throughout the offseason as well. The design and construction of a supporters’ terrace at Dick’s Sporting Goods Park by the Colorado Rapids also delighted many of the ultras supporter organizations. The Colorado Rapids added academy product Davy Armstrong and FC Dallas defender Anthony Wallace during the summer transfer window. Colorado also acquired Brian Mullan from Houston Dynamo in exchange for Colin Clark and traded Mehdi Ballouchy to the New York Red Bulls for Macoumba Kandji.
Colorado qualified for the MLS Cup playoffs and defeated Columbus Crew in the first round following these adjustments. In the MLS Eastern Conference Championship on November 13th, Colorado hosted the San Jose Earthquakes and won by a score of 1–0, which resulted in the team’s first appearance in the MLS Cup since 1997. FC Dallas and Colorado met in the championship game. The Rapids were behind 1–0 at halftime in the championship game. Conor Casey scored a second-half equalizer to force extra time in the contest. Macoumba Kandji set up FC Dallas defender George John for the game-winning goal. A 2–1 victory over the Los Angeles Galaxy in the 2010 MLS Cup was a first for Colorado and the club’s first major title.
There were no roster adjustments for the 2011 season. However, Seattle Sounders FC signed Sanna Nyassi and Tyrone Marshall. Toronto FC brought in Joseph Nane and Josh Janniere. An open audition during the preseason led to the signing of Steven Emory, a native of the area. Caleb Folan, an Irish international and former Hull City striker, has joined the Rapids. Defender Julian Baudet was the biggest name to leave the team. After winning the MLS Cup in 2010, Colorado qualified for the group stages of the CONCACAF Champions League in 2011–2012. Colorado acquired the services of versatile defender Miguel Comminges on September 9. Right back or left back, the Guadeloupe International is capable of playing both positions. He made his Colorado debut as a substitute in a 4-1 defeat to Club Santos Laguna in the CONCACAF Champions League on September 13th.
The club underwent a number of changes before to the start of the 2012 season. It was Oscar Pareja who was named head coach after Gary Smith’s resignation. Montreal Impact and Houston Dynamo received Sanna Nyassi and Macoumba Kandji, respectively, as part of the deal. In addition to signing Hunter Freeman, Jaime Castillón, Luis Zapata, and Kamani Hill, the Rapids also landed teenage pitcher Martn Rivero on loan. Things seemed optimistic after the team’s opening-day 2–0 win over the Columbus Crew. Things began to go downhill, though, as the season progressed. Hárrison Henao was loaned out and Edu was signed as a replacement. The Portland Timbers traded for Kosuke Kimura in July. After that, the Montreal Impact traded for defender Tyson Wahl, who was quickly acquired by the Jets. The Rapids were desperate for a late-season improvement and signed Wigan Athletic’s Hendry Thomas.
In late September, the Rapids were knocked out of the playoffs, eliminating their dreams of winning a second MLS Cup. The Rapids underwent a significant reorganization prior to the 2013 season. Conor Casey, the team’s all-time leading scorer, was released, while Omar Cummings was traded during the summer. Together, the forwards scored 89 goals for the Rapids. In the absence of nearly the entire roster from the MLS Championship team in 2010, the club’s composition was quite different. Pareja hoped to build a team with more athletic, younger players. The Buffalo Sabres ended the 2013-14 season with a 14-11-9 (W-L-T) record, good for fifth place in the Western Conference and eighth overall in the standings. In the playoffs, they were knocked out in the first round of elimination. Oscar Pareja made it known during the off-season that he would like to return to FC Dallas as head coach after having the opportunity to do so previously. Pablo Mastroeni, a Colorado veteran who had previously retired as a player, was eventually found as his successor.
Colorado Rapids failed to return to the MLS Cup Playoffs after qualifying last year under Mastroeni’s debut season as head coach, finishing eighth in the West and eighteenth overall with eight victories, 18 defeats, and eight ties. Even though the team started the season in the middle of the pack, injuries decimated the squad, and they went winless in their final fourteen games of the campaign.
The Atlanta Silverbacks knocked the Rapids out of the U.S. Open Cup. The team was unable to retain their Rocky Mountain Cup championship after losing to Real Salt Lake. Shkelzen Gashi (Marco Pappa), Jermaine Jones (Jermaine Jones), and Tim Howard (Jermaine Jones) were all acquired by the Rapids during the summer transfer window following the team’s disappointing finish in the Western Conference in 2015. A 15-game winning streak and a trip to the Western Conference finals followed in 2016, when the team fell to the Seattle Sounders 3–1 on aggregate. Jermaine Jones left the Rapids at the beginning of the 2017 season, and a few weeks later, the Rapids traded Sam Cronin and Marc Burch to Minnesota United, a new expansion team. The Rapids concluded the 2017 season with a 9-19-6 record, good for 10th place in the Western Conference, and fired coach Pablo Mastroeni after the season.
The Rapids recruited Anthony Hudson, a former New Zealand coach, for the 2018 season. There were numerous acquisitions, including wingback Edgar Castillo and midfielder Jack Price while the Rapids adopted a 3-5-2 structure in order to implement manager Chris Hudson’s favored style of play. First, the Rapids were knocked out of a tournament they had qualified for based on their performance in the 2016 season, the CONCACAF Champions League. Dominique Badji, FC Dallas’ top scorer in 2017, was traded to the club for Kellyn Acosta in the middle of 2018.
The Rapids finished the 2018 season in 10th position in the Western Conference despite the changes, with 8 victories, 19 defeats, and 7 draws to their credit. Benny Feilhaber, Kei Kamara, Diego Rubio, and Keegan Rosenberry have all been added to the Rapids’ squad for 2019. It also brought in the likes of Matt Hundley, Sam Raben, and Andre Shinyashiki as new additions to the roster. Sheklzen Gashi was cut by the Rapids before the season even started. The Rapids started the new season without a win in their first 11 games, despite making significant changes to the roster and scoring in every game but one. After going winless in their first nine games, the Rapids cut ties with Hudson. On May 1, the team announced the appointment of Conor Casey as interim coach.
Colors and Badge
Since the team’s beginnings, the Rapids’ image has changed dramatically. This is the second time the team has undergone a full re-branding. For the 2003 season, the team’s primary uniform color was changed from green to black and blue. To better connect themselves with other KSE teams, Colorado re-invented themselves by changing their colors to burgundy and blue and establishing a whole new shield logo to blend in with more typical global soccer marks as they prepared for the 2007 season.
They’ve had three different logos during their history. A primary crest was first adopted, with the “circle” logo serving as a secondary one. The “circular” logo will take precedence over the other in 2002. The Rapids produced a new shield-style logo for the 2007 re-branding, which is still in use today. One of its most prominent characteristics is a mountain, a nod to Colorado’s Rocky Mountains, and another, to the inaugural season of the team. When Puma was the team’s uniform supplier, the Rapids used a mostly white kit with green trim.
With the club’s relationship with Reebok, minor colors such as gold and blue were occasionally used. Eventually, black superseded white as the primary hue that accompanied the green, when Kappa was adopted by the fraternity. Before the 2003 season, the Rapids received a brand makeover. Atletica changed the club’s colors to black and blue vertical stripes, identical to Inter Milan’s kits, following the club’s transition to Atletica. When Adidas became MLS’s league-wide kit sponsor, the vertical stripes of blue and black remained essentially intact.
For the 2007 season, the team’s clothes received one final modification. The primary colors for the Rapids are burgundy (Pantone 202) and sky blue (Pantone 278). Besides a white shirt, white socks, and burgundy shorts, the Colorado Rapids have an entirely new third kit. The primary color of the 2013 Rapids home jersey was burgundy, and the fabric contained the names of every season ticket holders. They also wore an away jersey in 2013 that was inspired by the colors of the Colorado state flag, as well.
Little Eye, the Scottish pop band formed by the brother of Rapids player Jamie Smith, wrote a song about the team called “Burgundy Sky,” which is currently used as the Rapids’ official hymn. Until now, the Colorado Rapids has been the only Major League Soccer team without a commercial sponsor on the front of their jerseys.
The club signed a five-year sponsorship agreement with Ciao Telecom in May 2014. When the Rapids filed a lawsuit against Ciao for unpaid bills in October 2014, the firm quietly severed ties with it. Transamerica agreed to sponsor the team’s shirts for the 2015 and 2016 seasons. As a result, the Rapids re-upped their contract with Transamerica for another year beginning in March 2016.
Colorado Rapids Stadium
Dick’s Sporting Goods Park in Commerce City is the home field for the Rapids of the American Hockey League (AHL) (approximately 8 miles north of downtown Denver). At 19,680 people, the stadium has a seating capacity of $131 million. It’s also known as a soccer stadium because it was built specifically for the Colorado Rapids. On April 7, 2007, the stadium hosted its first game. Colorado Avalanche, Denver Nuggets, Colorado Crush, and Colorado Mammoth are all owned and run by Kroenke Sports Enterprises (KSE), which is also a co-owner of English Premier League team Arsenal. The stadium complex contains kids soccer grounds and a variety of retail outlets.
Mile High Stadium and then Invesco Field were the home of the Denver Broncos American football team till DSG Park opened in 2007. The difference between the Rapids’ home and away records is one of the biggest in Major League Soccer. It is estimated that the Rapids won roughly 65 percent of their games at home from 1996 to the end of the 2014 season. While they were 70–164–4 at home, the Rapids only won 29% of their away games over the same time period.
In 2002, the Rapids lead the league in average attendance per game with a great showing from their fans. This year’s CONCACAF Champions League (CCL) games saw the formal closure of the Supporters’ Terrace. In accordance with CONCACAF regulations, Dick’s Sporting Goods Park’s terraces must be “all-seater” stadia. Pid Army and Bulldog Supporters Group have been moved to either the East stands (against Isidor Metapán) or directly behind the South goal in sections 117 and 118 (against Santos Laguna and Real Espana) for the CCL group stage matchups..
Over 3,500 season ticket holders were discovered in 2012 after the club’s front office unintentionally sent an Excel spreadsheet that included the names of every season ticket holder. In a follow-up email to season ticket holders, the front office acknowledged to the error. Class VI, the Pid Army, and the Bulldog Supporters Group announced their plans to merge on February 9th, 2013, to form a new group called Centennial 38.
City of Denver, Colorado
The City and County of Denver is the capital and the most populous city of the state of Colorado. Denver is situated in the South Platte River Valley, on the western side of the High Plains, just east of the Front Range of the Rocky Mountains. Denver is a major transportation hub for the area. By 2019, Denver is expected to have a population of 727,211 people. It is a mountain state capital, ranking 19th in terms of population, and the most populous city within the Mountain States. As much as 85 percent of Colorado’s population lives in or near the Front Range region of Colorado’s Front Range, which includes Denver and the surrounding metropolitan area. Denver’s downtown area is located just east of the Cherry Creek/South Platte River confluence, about 12 miles (19 kilometers) east of the Rocky Mountain foothills. Denver was given its name in honor of Kansas Territory Governor James W. Denver. The city’s official elevation is exactly one mile (5280 feet or 1609.3 meters) above sea level, therefore the nickname “Mile High City.”. Denver Union Station is directly on the 105th meridian west of Greenwich, the longitudinal reference for the Mountain Time Zone.
The Rocky Mountains to the west and the High Plains to the east separate Denver from the rest of the Front Range Urban Corridor. Located in the heart of the Rocky Mountains, Denver is surrounded by plains to the north, west, and south. In terms of land area, the city covers 155 square miles (401 km2), of which 153 square miles (396 km2) is land and 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) (1.1 percent) is water. All of Denver’s neighbors are in one of three counties: Adams, Arapahoe, or Jefferson, depending on which direction you are facing.
Even though Denver is known as the “Mile-High City” because of its official altitude of one mile above sea level, which is measured by the elevation of a benchmark on the steps of the State Capitol building, the elevation of the entire city varies from 5,130 to 5,690 feet (1,560 to 1,730 m). The city’s elevation is listed as 5,278 feet (1,609 m) on multiple sources, including the National Weather Service, according to GNIS and the National Elevation Dataset.
Located in the Köppen Climate Classification System Zone BSk, Denver’s climate may be described as semi-arid and continental. Many microclimates, both continental and tropical, are humid. From April to August, when the majority of the region’s rain falls, it experiences all four different seasons. Sudden weather variations are possible because to its location in the High Plains region, which is located at the foot of the Rocky Mountains. With an average high temperature of 31.7 degrees Celsius (89 degrees Fahrenheit) in July, it’s the hottest month. There are 38 days a year when the temperature reaches 90°F (32°C) or even higher, with occasional, strong afternoon thunderstorms and temperatures that can approach 100°F (38°C).
The average daily high temperature in December is 46 °F (7.8 °C), making it the coldest month of the year. Snow and freezing temperatures alternate with intervals of milder weather brought on by the Chinook winds in the winter. Highs in the winter can reach up to 60 degrees Fahrenheit (16 degrees Celsius), but they can also fall below 32 degrees Fahrenheit (0 degrees Celsius) as the temperature drops. Due to arctic air masses, daily highs can possibly fall below 0 °F (18 °C). Temperatures can dip as low as 10 °F (23 °C) during the coldest nights of the year. Late fall, winter and early spring see an average of 53.5 inches of snowfall (136 cm) per year. Snowfall in Denver has been recorded as early as September 4 and as late as June 3, despite the fact that the average window for measurable (0.1 in or 0.25 cm) snowfall is from October 17 to April 27. On January 9, 1875, the temperature was 29 °F (34 °C), and on June 28, 2018, it was 105 °F (41 °C). There is a substantial diurnal temperature range throughout the year due to the city’s high elevation and aridity.
On June 15, 1988, an F3 tornado occurred 4.4 miles south of downtown, making it one of the rarest tornadoes west of the I-25 corridor. There are a few weak landspout tornadoes each spring and summer near the eastern suburbs of Denver and the city’s east-northeast extension (Denver International Airport) because of the enhanced Denver Convergence Vorticity Zone (DCVZ). The Denver Cyclone, or DCVZ, is a storm-forming air flow that often occurs north and east of downtown and frequently encompasses Denver International Airport. Airport operations can be disrupted by severe weather from the DCVZ. Using data on hail storms in areas with populations of at least 50,000, Denver was shown to be the 10th most susceptible in the continental United States to hail. In fact, Denver has suffered three of the most expensive hailstorms in US history, which happened on July 11, 1990, July 20, 2009, and May 8, 2017. In 2014, the Weather Channel listed Denver as the 18th coldest major U.S. city based on 30-year averages acquired from the National Climatic Data Center of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The official weather station for Denver is located at Denver International Airport, approximately 20 miles from the city center. Airport temperatures were much lower than those found downtown, with an average of 50.2 °F (ten degrees Celsius), according to a new study published in the journal Climate Research in 2019. The temperature in several suburbs is also higher, and the location of the official temperature readings is a subject of debate.